1. The most familiar socks material: Cotton (Cotton)
Usually we like to choose pure cotton socks, but is pure cotton 100% cotton? The answer from hosiery experts is no. If the composition of a pair of socks is 100% cotton, then the socks are cotton. Usually socks with a cotton content of more than 75% can be called cotton socks. Generally, socks with a cotton content of 85% are very high-end cotton socks.
The disadvantages of pure cotton fabrics are that they are not resistant to sunlight, easy to yellow, poor elasticity, easy to wrinkle, mildew and deterioration, and wear resistance. Therefore, cotton socks also need to add some functional fibers to maintain the elasticity, fastness and comfort of the socks. Spandex, nylon, acrylic, polyester, etc. are all very common functional fibers. Socks that do not contain these functional fibers are not good socks.
Combed Cotton of Cotton Socks
Combed cotton is the long, neat cotton fibers that are left after removing the shorter fibers from normal fibers with a machine called a comber. Due to the removal of short cotton fibers and other fiber impurities, the cotton yarn spun from combed cotton is more delicate, and the finished product has a smoother and more comfortable feel, which is a better quality in cotton.
Mercerized cotton is a cotton fiber that is processed by mercerizing ordinary cotton fibers in a concentrated alkali solution. This kind of cotton fiber has better gloss than ordinary cotton fiber under the premise of no change in other physical properties. The material of mercerized cotton is often seen in thin socks in summer.
2, excellent warm socks material fabric: wool (wool)
Wool is another common sock fabric. Wool socks feature excellent thermal properties but are relatively expensive. It is not often used at work, but it is a good choice as a home sock in an unheated room. Wool socks are warm and have a good anti-stinky foot effect, but the hygroscopicity of wool socks is not unlimited, and sweaty feet are not suitable for wearing wool socks. Poor quality wool socks are also prone to pilling.
3. Necessary material for socks Fabric composition: Spandex
Spandex is commonly known as elastic fiber. It has high elasticity and strong stretchability. Its stretched length can reach 5-7 times that of the original fiber. Textile products added with spandex can maintain the original outline. The ingredients of socks must contain spandex to make the socks elastic and retractable, easier to wear, and to make the socks more close to the feet, like a swimsuit, which can be tightly wrapped around the footsteps and will not slip off. So spandex is a must-have ingredient for almost all socks.
Lycra is actually a kind of spandex fiber. In layman's terms, Lycra is spandex, and spandex is Lycra.
Lycra is different from traditional elastic fibers in that it stretches up to 500% and can slowly return to its original shape. That is to say, this kind of fiber can be stretched very easily, but it can stick to the surface of the human body after recovery, and the binding force on the human body is very small. Lycra fiber can be used with any fabric, including wool, hemp, silk and cotton, to increase the fabric's close-fitting, stretchy, and natural-looking properties for flexibility when moving. And Lycra is different from most spandex yarns, it has a special chemical structure, and it will not grow mold in a humid and heat-sealed space after wet water.
Lycra is known as a "friendly" fiber, not only because it blends thoroughly with natural and man-made fibers, but also increases the comfort, fit, freedom of movement and longevity of a fabric or garment.
4. Materials and fabrics that are inseparable from stockings and cotton socks: Nylon (Jinlun/Polyamide)
Nylon is the name of a synthetic fiber with Chinese characteristics, and people are more familiar with another name - nylon. The scientific name of nylon is polyamide fiber. Nylon has similar properties to nylon, and is strong and wear-resistant. It is the most wear-resistant and sturdy type of synthetic fibers. The weight is very light and the elasticity is good. Adding nylon to the socks can maintain high-strength elasticity. Nylon is the main material of almost all stovepipe socks (or varicose compression socks). Note that the D in stovepipe socks refers to the textile density, usually the larger the number, the greater the thickness and pressure. For health reasons, stovepipe socks with a high D number should not be worn for a long time.